William Cummings of Bathurst
19/02/2011 01:09 PM
arrived in Australia about the convict ship
Prince Regent on the 15th July 1824 .He was one of 180 male convicts who
had boarded at Cork. William was a labour/shepherd born in
Kilkenny County. At the age of 17 he was dragged from his parents
home as a result of breaking a curfew and branded a convict rebel by the
William Cummins was born to Keiran Cummings and Elizabeth Shelly in
1804. His family had lived in Kilkenny for over 300 years.
He was found guilty and sentenced to
seven years transportation. He gained an early ticket of Leave on
the 15th July 1829, by a Government Order of 1st January 1827. He
was restricted to the locality of Parramatta. In 1828 he
was recorded as part of an iron gang at Baulkham Hills.
Once obtaining his Ticket of leave, set about building a new life for himself. He married a young Irish lass from Kilkenny. Mary Ann Ducie/Ducey was 18 years old when they married in 1829. Over the next 30 years William acquired vast holdings of land and was passionate about his reason for being transplanted and those injustices. He recounted how he came to be in Australia, when he spoke of his early days in the colony when he was elected as the member for the seat of East Macquarie n Bathurst. in July 1859
Excerpt from newspaper.
Irish Rebel: Religion:
Age on arrival: 20
Port Laoise is a country town in the midlands of Ireland.standing at a major crossroads in the Irish roads network where the major roads leads to Dublin, Limerick and Cork.
The town was established by an act of Parliament during the reign of Queen Mary of England in 1557. The English renamed the town Maryborough and the county was named "Queen's County" in her honour. The area had been a focus of the rebellion of Rory O'More, a local chieftain who had rebelled and had lost his lands, which the Crown wanted to be settled by reliable landowners. The following year, following widespread dislocation and dispossession of the native Irish in the region due to the newly established English colonists, the (O'More) and Ó (O'Connor) families and their allies reacted against the English. For the next fifty or so years, the English settlers in Maryborough waged a continual, low-scale war of aggression against the native Irish inhabitants of the surrounding region who retaliated against the new colony.
William Cummings was a man of passion and he was constantly involved in some sort of legal hassles. The first one was when he was charged with assault with a horse whip and he was sentenced to hard labour. Of course he had a lot of supporters in his circle of friends, one being James Martin who became Premier.
William Cummings firstly resided at Kissing Point, Parramatta River then he moved to Clear Creek at Bathurst. around 1831 and his wife Mary Anne bore four sons and three daughters. His eldest son Thomas was born in January 1832 at Kissing Point. William Cummings was born at Clear Creek near Bathurst on June 6th 1834, Keiran in...., John was born in 1842. Catherine born in 1845, Ellen in 1847.
Mr Cummings, being a large contractor in connection with Government works for many years, was compelled to visit various districts in the west, but upon almost every occasion he was accompanied by the partner of his joys, and the happy couple invariably returned to their home at Clear Creek when they desired to enjoy a peaceful holiday.
In 1792 the settlement east of Parramatta extended to the present Ryde area and became known as Eastern Farms or Kissing Point.Although there were Catholics among the first settlers, there were few priests in the Colony to minister to them prior to the arrival in 1835 of Dr John Polding, later to be constituted Sydney's first Archbishop. No doubt William Cummings
Cummings cquired some valuable station property on the Lachlan, devoted much of his time thereto, and eventually became one of the most successful and wealthiest of colonial squatters. He then entered Parliament, and while there proved himself one of its most active and energetic members. It was owing to his persistency and determination that the Government of the day were forced to build a railway over the Blue Mountains, and for this act alone his name should long be held in respectful remembrance by the people of the west.
Ultimately in 1869 Mr Cummings was deprived of the greater portion of his station properties ., the old homestead at Clear Creek and some property in the vicinity of Bathurst was all that was retained.
William Cummings of Clear Creek Roxborough paid £247 for 991 acres, next door to Mrs Suttons grant and Fitzgeralds 700 acres 17/4/1838.
On the 1/01/1838 he paid £266 pounds for 1064 acres at Roxborough
He had purchased 20 acres on 14/11/1834 for $6.5s for an Inn approved by Gov Burke in the Country of Roxborough.
This 20 acres was situated about a mile and a half to the east of a ridge at the Barg on Brush at a plain known by the name of Sawyers huts on the new line of Road to Bathurst.
Bounded on the west by a line North commencing at a marked tree close to the road in the north a line by the new line of Road to Bathurst. Being the land sold for the purpose of erecting an Inn on lot 12 in pursuance of advertisement on 13th May 1834
Depasturing Licenses held by William Cummings
William Cummings, Nathaniel Connolly and Jeremiah Grant being the trustees for the Roman Catholic church along with Revd Michael O'Reilly .CUMMINGS HORSE INTERESTS AT CLEAR CREEK,
Honorary Secretary. N. B-It was unanimously resolved
at a respectable and numerous Public Meeting, that no horse
in which Mr. William Cummings, of Clear Creek, near Bathurst, i
s directly or indirectly interested, should be allowed to enter for these Races,
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