The Star and Garter at Mount York

The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803-1842), Tuesday 10 July 1832,




Thursday, July ö, 1832.

The Annual Licensing Meeting of the Justices of the District, took place on the appointed -day ; six applications for licenses were presented to the Bench, when, having inspected the premises of those applicants who resided in the vicinity of the settlement, and found them in accordance with the conditions of the Act of Council, their Worships were pleased to extend the privilege of retailing wine, brandy, rum, gin, &c, to the Golden Fleece, King William IV., Currency Lass, St. Patrick, Wool- pack, and Collett's Inn, The Star and Garter, at Mount York 


Another application has been since made for a license to a very commodious house at O'Connell Plains, twelve miles from Bathurst, towards Sydney, where such au accommodation is pressingly required.





Sir,-I was keenly interested In the article by H. J. Rumsey relative to the Lachlan pioneer, Pierce Collitts, and his sons, also the corrections by W L. Havard. Pioneer Collitts arrived by the Minorca on December 14, 1801, accompanied by his wife, Mary,   and daughters, one of whom is ancestress of all the Bundaburra Stricklands (Forbes,   NSW), and, through a later marriage, to Edward Field, is the maternal foundress of that branch of Fields, of Castlereagh. In the "Sydnev Gazette" of April, 1824, Piece Collitts obtained a licence for what had been  originally the guard house (under Mount York). It was named the Golden Fleece, but Pierce Collitts changed the name to the King's Garter Inn.

I am, etc., Sefton. Aug. 9, GEORGE REEVE. I



Sir,-I have searched in vain for support, entirely absent from the Mitchell Library's Index, of George Reeve's statement: "In the "Sydney Gazette" of April, 1824, Pierce Collltts obtained a licence for what had been originally the guardhouse (under Mount York). Without denying there was a guardhouse -for Lawson had gangs at Mount York In 1822 I have no evidence of one. Bigge's Report of January, 1823, suggested the establishment of a stockyard and military station below Mount York; in May, 1825, Brisbane reported that, ". . .an inn and the natural pasture seems to render a stockyard by Government unnecessary."

It is said that Collltts' Inn occupied the site of a "weatherboarded commodious barrack and guardhouse ... for the accommodation of the military guard stationed at this post (Vale of Clwydd), which was also established for the keeping open the communication with Bathurst as well as for the protection of travellers" (list of public works undertaken by Macquarie to December, 1821). If the list is complete, one would say the house was that Ave miles beyond Mount York beside the Cox River, and noted by Cunningham in April, 1817, as a depot and storehouse in charge of a corporal and two privates, and by Mrs. Hawkins in April, 1822. In October, 1822, at the foot of Cox's Pass, Barron Field found grass and water enough and wrote: "The station under Mount York is very picturesque into the bargain, que ne gate rien" (which nothing spoils). At Cox's River, Field found a corporal's party stationed there as at Springwood. None mentions any house under Mount York; each mentions that by the Cox River.

In August, 1823, a traveller left Springwood for "Mr. Collett's house." Hoddle surveyed about Collltts' Inn in October, 1823. In March, 1824, it was recorded that Collltts "has lately settled in the Vale of Cluld, where he has opened an inn called the Golden Fleece." In August, 1824, a reward was offered for the delivery of lost cattle "to Pierce Collet, Sign of the Golden Fleece at the foot of Mount York." I know of no reference to the "King's Garter Inn," to which Mr. Reeve says Collltts changed the name "Golden Fleece." To solve a problem of which as yet no satisfactory solution has been offered there is still wanting indubitable data as to when, by whom, and for what purpose the first house was built on the site of Pierce Collltts' inn.

I am, etc.,

Artarmon, W. L. HAVARD.

August 13.

In 1834 Pierce was still in residence at Mount York...  

The only Persons authorised to receive Moneys and Communications on account of the " SYDNEY HERALD," except at the Office of Publication, Lower George-street, Sydney,) are .....Mr. PIERCE COLLIITTS, Mount York  

Thursday 16 October 1834

He held this position till 1841



Messrs. Needle, Spider,&c, chiefs, and leading members of tho Bathurst Aboriginal tribes, paid their respects last weok to the Superintendent of Police, and, after mutual congratulations, ex- pressed, in moving terms, their conviction, from chil- ling experience, of the prospect of a hard winter. " Murrey tuggerah me, Massa," was re-echoed by the chieftains and their sooty satellites; and a keen north-easterly blast howling o'er the lea at the same moment, left little doubt of the truth of their excla- mations. A substantial blanket each, to about a couple of dozen of tho most useful of their number, silenced the clamours of the fortunate few ; but what were they among bo manyi The disappointed suitors grasped their spears in a seemingly tantalus-like líame of mind, and betook themselves again to their native woods, there to menace destruction on thou- sands of the opossum kind.

The report in the Sydney newspapers of the ploughing match at Sutton fotest, and of His Excellency the Governoi's encouragement there- of, ought to act as a stimulus to the Bathurst plough- men, and lo those of other agricultural districts as well as Bathurst. The good example has been long set by the settlers of that part of Argyle; and the skill of the Anglo-natives at the plough has been on former occasions pre-eminently displayed. If we rightly remember, at the congest in July 1830, the palm of superioritv was awarded to a young Austra- lian. Speaking of the cultivated portion of it, the district of Sutton Forest is small, but certainly it is a very garden of husbandry. Oldbury Park takes the lead, and there are several other estates in a high stato of cultivation and improvement ; among the chief of.which may be mentioned the farms of Messrs Badgery, Throsby, Nicholson, Redmond, and C. Driver. The consideration displayed by his Majesty's Government in sending out, and sub mitting for public inspection, improved agricultural implements, of various kinds, now in general use in England, but hitherto unknown here, deserves the warmest acknowledgments of the colonists, who will di feel consecatively, as links of one great chum,

Jhe important advantages arising from their intro-


We have before taken occasion to notrce the frequent recurrence of offences connected with the felonious removal of cattle from the herds of the Storiholders of this District, and the diffi- culty that attends their recovery, which is fre- quently not effected until the beasts have been ab- sent two or thiee years. The expenco entailed on the Crown, in search after suspected herds, which are generally depasturing in remote spots, seques- tered among mountains, out of the track of con- stables or horse policemen ; the conviction of tho offenders, and consequent attendance of witnesses, is n heavy charge on the public purse. Consider- ing, therefore, that the Stockholders themselves are the persons most immediately concernnd, and chiefly benefittod by the vigilance nf the Authorities in such cases, it would not, we think, be unreasonable to suggest to thom the foi mat ion of a fund amongst themscles, not only at Bathurst, but all the inteuor gracing districts, for the purpose of contributing a moiety of the cc£; of prosecution, and relieving the Revenue of a portion at least of the incumbrance. The first class of settlers have invariab'y shewn themselves liberally and patriotically disposed, and few, we are of opinion, would offer objection to such o measure were it once sot on foot by influential persons, and its management, progress, and opera- tion placed in a proper point of view, and reduced to a regular and tangible system. Every settler is in a greater or less degree concerned in the preser- vation of stock from the inroads of cattle stealers, and a small contribution from each of the multitudo, would effect the object without incumbrance to


The Bathurst Correspondent re- spectfully takes leave of the Readers of the Sydney Gazette, with the assurance to the community of the particular distriot whence bis observations have been gathered, that bis efforts, humble and unpre- tending in their character, have had for their solo object, during the period he has been honoured by being admitted as contributor to the Sydneu Gazette, the benefit of the Bathurst District, and the general

Advancement or Australia.