PASSING OF Act OF
In 1830 an
Act was passed which decreed that all licensed houses provide
accommodation with "at least two sitting rooms and two sleeping rooms,
for public accommodation". This legislation was the birth of the concept
of the modern hotel.
The Act further provided:
- That liquor licenses were to be granted by a central authority,
and not at random from local authorities.
- That the number of liquor licenses be controlled.
- That publicans provide accommodation, as well as liquor.
- That trading hours be specified.
- That subsidiary types of licenses be granted.
- That civil Police supervise all licensed premises and administer
the liquor laws.
A Schedule was
added to the Act in 1838, which divided licenses into four types: A
publican's general license; a publican's wine and beer license; a packet
license for ships at sea; a confectioner's license, which allowed
confectioners to sell ginger beer.
The trading hours and types of licenses have been subject to many
reforms since that era, but the principles achieved in the legislation
of 1830 are still operative, and the material guide to police in the
past century in licensing control and general procedure.
POLICE REGULATION Act OF 1862
In 1862 the Police Regulation Act was passed, which amalgamated the
various existing Police bodies throughout the State. Police
administrators essaying the position in regard to liquor control found
the following situation. There was one licensed house to every 70 or 80
people; spirits were still the favourite drink, although locally brewed
beer was gaining rapidly in favour; liquor generally was of very poor
quality and a positive danger to health; trading hours extended from 4
a.m. to midnight on working days; health regulations applied only to
adulteration of liquor; accommodation requirements of poor standard and
rarely observed; the granting of licenses conditional, on sketchy
references of good character, and payment of a flat license fee of £30.