Publicans Licenses
  PASSING OF Act OF 1830

In 1830 an Act was passed which decreed that all licensed houses provide accommodation with  "at least two sitting rooms and two sleeping rooms, for public accommodation". This legislation was the birth of the concept of the modern hotel.
The Act further provided:

  1. That liquor licenses were to be granted by a central authority, and not at random from local authorities.
  2. That the number of liquor licenses be controlled.
  3. That publicans provide accommodation, as well as liquor.
  4. That trading hours be specified.
  5. That subsidiary types of licenses be granted.
  6. That civil Police supervise all licensed premises and administer the liquor laws.

A Schedule was added to the Act in 1838, which divided licenses into four types: A publican's general license; a publican's wine and beer license; a packet license for ships at sea; a confectioner's license, which allowed confectioners to sell ginger beer.
The trading hours and types of licenses have been subject to many reforms since that era, but the principles achieved in the legislation of 1830 are still operative, and the material guide to police in the past century in licensing control and general procedure.

In 1862 the Police Regulation Act was passed, which amalgamated the various existing Police bodies throughout the State. Police administrators essaying the position in regard to liquor control found the following situation. There was one licensed house to every 70 or 80 people; spirits were still the favourite drink, although locally brewed beer was gaining rapidly in favour; liquor generally was of very poor quality and a positive danger to health; trading hours extended from 4 a.m. to midnight on working days; health regulations applied only to adulteration of liquor; accommodation requirements of poor standard and rarely observed; the granting of licenses conditional, on sketchy references of good character, and payment of a flat license fee of 30.
The Licensing Act of 1882 (with amendments 1883) revolutionised the system of licensing in NSW and resulted in many of the old bush inns losing their licences because they could not meet the new standards.  See NSWGG 1881 p.6617 (Dec 1881).