Electors in Hartley in 1856

Date of last update 19/02/2011 12:48 PM

  In the 1856 elections there were 156 people eligible for voting in the Cook and Westmorland Electorate. women were not entitled to vote until 1902. 

William Cummings by this stage was making a run for the seat of East Macquarie at Bathurst.

In 1823 the Legislative Council was established, and it consisted of five, six or seven members appointed by the Governor. The four official members of the Legislative Council also constituted the Executive Council which officiary came into existence on 20th December, 1825. On the 25th July, 1828 the provisions of the 1823 Act were amended and the membership of the Council was increased to between 10-15 members.

Representative government effectively began in 1843 when a Legislative Council of 36 members with 24 members elected by Colonists was constructed and first met in that year. The franchise was limited by a property qualification to men owning freehold property of a value exceeding 200 or leasing property with an annual value exceeding 20. However, in 1851 this was reduced to 100 and 10.

Responsible Government in New South Wales began in 1856 when the New South Wales Constitution Act of 1855 gave the Legislative Council the power to establish a bicameral legislature. The Upper House (Legislative Council) consisted of members nominated for life and The Lower House (Legislative Assembly) was modelled along the lines of House of Commons and its members were to be elected at a general election.

Those eligible to vote were:

  • Possessors of freehold estates of the clear value of 100/-/- within the electorate
  • Persons holding licences from the government to depasture lands within the electorate
  • Occupiers of houses of the clear annual value of 10/-/- in the electorate, and
  • Possessors of leasehold estates of the annual value of 10/-/-, the leases of which at the date of registration had not less than 3 years to run.

In 1858 the franchise was extended to all adult males who had lived in an electorate for the preceding six months and were either British citizens by birth or had been naturalised for five years and had lived in the colony for the preceding two. Police, serving members of the armed forces, paupers and prisoners were barred from voting. The property qualification was retained and allowed a man to vote in every electorate where he had the necessary property. In 1893 the property vote was abolished as well as the six month residence requirement, which in effect gave the vote to itinerant workers and shearers and, in 1902 the vote was given to women.


1.      John Grant, senior

2.      Thomas Slatery

3.      George Jarvis

4.      Jerimiah Beile

5.      Patrick Keenan

6.      Dsniel O'Connell

7.      James Care

8.      William Corderoy

9.      James Farrel

10.  John Cox, junior

11.   Dr Kelly

12.  William Arnold

13.  John Flanagan .

14.  William Perkins

15.  T. Flanagan .

16.  John Primmor

17.   Hugh Flanagan

18.  Joseph Collit

19.  William Howman

20.  Robert Trew

21.  James T. Ryan

22.  Amos Richardson

23.  Lewis Dunn

24.  William Jenkins

25.  George Shepherd

26.  Alexander Binning

27.  lssac Horton

28.  John Paten

29.  James King

30.  Charles Fell

31.  John Heard 

32.  James Field

33.  John  Reid

34.  Edward Field

35.  Peter Madden

36.  Joseph Scott

37.  Jeremiah Flanagan

38.  Joseph Field

39.  John Grant, junior

40.  John Collet

41.  Jeremiah Grant

42.  Armstrong  Hutchinson

43.  Daniel MacKilop

44.  James Kirkland

45.  Henry England

46.  Thorn Lee

47.  Dennis Hughes

48.  David Jones

49.  James Magner

50.  Stephen Levey

51.  Neil McDonald

52.  Edward Roark

53.  Joseph G. Wood

54.  John Hayes

55.  Henry Frost

56.  Edward Delaney

57.  James M'Coy

58.  William Tanner

59.  John M'Cauly

60.  Richard W. Heard

61.  Michael Ryan

62.   James Flanagan

63.  William Simpson

64.  W. R. Watt

65.  James  Bergin

66.  James Brady

67.  James Sheringham

68.  John Dargan

69.  P. M'Veney

70.  Henry Flanagan '

71.   L. McVeney

72.  Andrew Flanagan

73.  T. McVeney

74.  Morris Evans   

75.  M. McVeney

76.  J Evans

77.  David Kirk

78.  Evan Evans

79.  Thomas Grant

80.  Edward Fuller

81.  Junes Delaney

82.  George Harding

83.  Patrick McGarry

84.   David Hayes

85.  John Readford

86.  George Baker

87.  Thomas Readford

88.  Frederick Baker

89.  Thomas Fitzpatrick

90.  Thomas Hinds

91.  Maurice Ryan

92.  Patrick Muldoon

93.  Charles York

94.  James Whalan

95.  Francis Peicly

96.  John Minehan

97.  George Kendall

98.  George Paul

99.  John Ryan

100.                      Thomas Ellison  

101.                      Thomas Healy  

102.                      William Ellison

103.                      John Brien

104.                      John Skeen

105.                      William Campbell

106.                      Thomas B. Perry  

107.                      David Campbell

108.                      Joseph Wascoe

109.                      Patrick Ryan

110.                      A. Meyers

111.                      John Hartigan

112.                      Henry Hull

113.                      D. Fitzpatrick

114.                      Charles Whalan

115.                      John Whiteford

116.                      Michael Hartigan

117.                      John M'Cauly

118.                      William Dunn ,

119.                      Wilson M'Cauly

120.                      John Simpson

121.                       William Delany

122.                      John Whalan   

123.                      John Fitzpatrick

124.                      Campbell Whalan.


Cook and Westmoreland - 1856 (Roll: 895) - 2 to be elected

Nominations: Thursday, 27 March 1856, Polling: Friday, 4 April 1856

Candidate Votes Votes                                 %

Martin, James (Elected 1)                  321         39.48

Jamison, Robert Thomas (Elected 2) 303          37.27

Arkins, John                                      189           23.25

Formal Votes                                   813

Informal Votes                                     0 0.00

Total Votes / Estimated Turnout        813 45.42

Persons Voting / Turnout                  487 54.41

Notes: James Martin represented this seat in the old Legislative Council. Source: Report of nominations SMH 31 March 1856, pp.2-3, results SMH election summary 30 April 1856


Roxburgh - 1856 (Roll: 704)

Nominations:  Saturday, 29 March 1856, Polling: Tuesday, 8 April 1856

Candidate Votes Votes %

Cummings, William                   58 18.83

Lee, William (Elected)           136 44.16

Suttor, William Henry             114 37.01

Formal Votes                        308

Informal Votes 0 0.00

Total Votes / Turnout 308 43.75

Persons Voting / Turnout 308 43.75

Source: Report of nominations SMH 3 April 1856, p.3 col.1-3, results SMH 18 April 1856, p.5 col.3



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